An electric vehicle also known by the name of electric drive vehicle is a type of vehicle that makes use of electric motors for impulsion. This form of vehicle came into existence in the mid nineteenth century. At that time it was a preferable mode of travelling. People were fond of the comfort and ease to handle this form of vehicle that was not achieved by gasoline motor vehicle at that time. Electric cars, trains, electric aeroplanes, boats, motorcycles, lorries, scooters and spacecraft mobile vehicles are some of the standard electric vehicles.
There are many pros and cons of electric vehicles. Though, with the gradual decline in the level of gasoline resources and fossil fuels, electricity has once again taken the limelight to propel vehicles. The electric vehicles differ from traditional motor vehicles in a form that they are operated by electricity. There are broader methods of producing electricity, for example it can be generated by fossil fuels, wind energy, solar energy, tidal power, nuclear energy or by combination of any of them. The energy produced can then be used in the vehicles with the help of overhead lines, inductive charging mode or by making a direct connection with the help of electric cables. The electric energy is then stored in the vehicles in batteries, supercapicitors or flywheels.
Toyota Prius has launched a hybrid electric-gasoline vehicle in the year 2003. It was the first electric vehicle of its type at that time. There are several other auto companies which are looking to experiment in the upcoming years as well after its success.